India's telecom sector has shown massive upsurge in the recent years in all respects of industrial growth. From the status of state monopoly with very limited growth, it has grown in to the level of an industry. Telephone, whether fixed landline or mobile, is an essential necessity for the people of India.
This changing phase was possible with the economic development that followed the process of structuring the economy in the capitalistic pattern. Removal of restrictions on foreign capital investment and industrial de-licensing resulted in fast growth of this sector. At present the country's telecom industry has achieved a growth rate of 14 per cent. Till 2000, though cellular phone companies were present, fixed landlines were popular in most parts of the country.
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With government of India setting up the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, and measures to allow new players country, the featured products in the segment came in to prominence. Today the industry offers services such as fixed landlines, WLL, GSM mobiles, CDMA and IP services to customers. Increasing competition among players allowed the prices drastically down by making the mobile facility accessible to the urban middle class population, and to a great extend in the rural areas. Even for small shopkeepers and factory workers a phone connection is not an unreachable luxury. Major players in the sector are BSNL, MTNL, Bharti Teleservices, Hutchisson Essar, BPL, Tata, Idea, etc. With the growth of telecom services, telecom equipment and accessories manufacturing has also grown in a big way.
Career in Telecom Sector
With telecom sector booming, career in the industry is very lucrative. The career path to the leading companies goes via telecom engineering. The telecom sector offers a variety of career options. There is room for everyone- a degree holder or a diploma holder, a candidate with a part-time certification course or one with a full-time degree.
The Certificate Courses for employment in the industry are:
a) Certificate in Telecom Engineering
b) Certificate in Information Technology
c) Certificate in Computer Science
d) Certificate in Management Information Systems
e) Certificate in Computer Forensics
The Diploma Programme offered is:
a) Diploma in Telecom Engineering
The Degree Programmes offered are:
a) Bachelor of Science in Telecom Engineering
b) Bachelor of Science in Information Technology/Informatics
c) Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering
d) Bachelor of Science in Mobile Internet Communication Technology/Informatics
The degree programmes take 4 years for completion; the duration for certification courses varies from 6 months to 1 year.
jobs in telecom
Telecom Software Engineer Communication
Telecom System Solutions Engineer
Mobile Communication Engineer
Real-time Computer Systems Developer Design
Antenna Design Engineer
Telecom Hardware and Software Engineer
Telecommunications Equipment Designer
Performance Optimizer Management
DSP Chip Design Engineer
Technical Support Provider
Research Projects Supervisor
Artificial Intelligence and Neural Network Engineer
The companies employing telecom engineers are:
Public sector organizations: BEL, ISRO, DRDO labs, ITI, CDOT
Private organizations: Wipro, Infosys, TCS, Siemens Communication, National Instruments, Oracle, Honeywell, IT solutions, Digital, Tata Elxsi, Intel, etc.
Future of employment in the sector
The emergence of advance technologies and the high growth rate of the industry hold a lot of promise to the jobseekers. In the future, communication sector is going to employ more people than electronics, computer science or common basic sciences, as is shown in the following chart: